Percentages of cultivated land per category:
Vines 160,700 ha (397,000 acres) = 52%
Fruit crops 75,600 ha (187,000 acres) = 25%
Vegetable crops 35,000 ha (86,500 acres) = 12%
Forests 17,000 ha (42,000 acres) = 6%
Forage crops 16,000 ha (39,500 acres) = 5%
The main crop in Mendoza, grapevines, occupy 160,700 ha (397,000 acres). Malbec, Argentina’s flagship variety, finds in Mendoza a perfect home in which to grow, given the ideal environmental conditions of the province. For more information about VITICULTURE, please check the text about that key sector.
Mendoza is the main fruit producer in Argentina.
Mendoza hosts all of Argentina’s peach industry. In addition, it boasts 90% of the country’s plum acreage. It is also one of the main global prune producers and exporters. Mendoza is also well-known for its production of pears, apples, olives and cherries
Mendoza ranks second in Argentina’s vegetable production. There are more than 45 species. The main ones are: garlic, potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes for industrial purposes, carrots, onions, lettuce, melon, corn and globe tomatoes. Mendoza also stands out for its production of aromatic, culinary and medicinal herbs.
Garlic: Argentina is the second global garlic exporter. Mendoza produces around 76% of Argentine garlic.
Tomatoes: Mendoza produces 50% of tomatoes for industrial purposes in the country, reaching almost 1% of the global tomato production.
Potato: Mendoza hosts a protected area for the production of certified potato seeds in the department of Malargüe, an area endowed with optimal agroecological conditions for this activity.
Carrots: Mendoza is Argentina’s first producer of carrots, it represents 35% of Argentina’s production, with over 3,000 ha (7,400 acres).
The most planted genera are Populus (90%), Salix, Eucalyptus and Pinus, commonly known as poplars, willows, eucalypti and pines, respectively.
No plagues or relevant diseases have been reported in the Province. Trees planted in Mendoza are known to grow at a more rapid pace than those in other parts of the world.
Mendoza counts with good forage supply and large production of dry weight in irrigated areas, with an annual 18,000-kg (39,700 lb.) yield of dry matter per hectare in pure alfalfa.
Alfalfa-based pastures mixed with two or three kinds of gramineous plants may yield up to 22,000 kg (48,500 lb.) of dry weight per hectare every year. Forage crops have great potential given the growth of Mendoza’s stockbreeding activities.