Why invest in Stockbreeding in Mendoza?
Availability of Suitable Land
Approximately 9 of the 15 million hectares of land (22 out of 37 million acres) in the province of Mendoza have an annual rainfall of 150-400 mm (6–16 in). Therefore, they are suitable for rainfed extensive livestock production.
On the other hand, there is an estimated potential for more than 80,000 ha (200,000 ac) in irrigated areas that present climate risks for agricultural uses or are currently abandoned. Those areas are suitable for developing stockbreeding on irrigated land using more intensive systems for either stock or finishing farms.
Industrial parks have been created with specific guidelines to establish slaughterhouses/cold storage plants. Those parks are administrated either by the government, by private companies or by both in cooperation. There are also suitable areas for intensive swine or poultry farming.
Convenient Relative Value per Hectare
The cost of land in Mendoza is in many cases much lower than that in the main wintering areas of the country. This contributes to a convenient cost per calf. (See chart)
Livestock good health conditions
The World Organisation for Animal Health declared Argentina as FMD-free (Foot and Mouth Disease) through vaccination. This designation led to the opening of new export markets. The good health status of livestock in the province reduces overall production costs and simplifies organic operations if one wished to opt for that kind of production
Displacement of livestock farming from the pampas to new areas
In recent years, breeding activities have started to shift away from the Pampas to non-traditional areas of Argentina. As a result, Mendoza is emerging as potential livestock farming area. Mendoza’s advantage over other new breeding areas in the country is that, because of its climate, producers may raise British breed biotypes (like Angus and Hereford) and obtain higher meat quality.
Potential for livestock feed production
Excellent yields have been obtained in corn and sorghum production for cattle feed purposes, both for grain and whole plant silage. Nowadays some companies produce livestock feed in the province and export it to Chile
. Availability of suitable land
. Convenient relative value per hectare
. High beef consumption (58 kg per capita) with great growth potential for slaughtering operations, domestic trade and expansion to foreign markets
. Livestock good health conditions
. Displacement of livestock farming from the Pampas to new areas
. Potential for livestock feed production
. Strategic location
. Government support
DRYLAND STOCKBREEDING IN MENDOZA
Dryland stockbreeding has not yet reached its full potential, which is estimated to be 65% of the provincial area. Therefore, the government of Mendoza has assigned funding to make processes (such as the transfer of technology) more efficient and to improve infrastructure (roads, power, water supply, communications, etc.).
Dryland stockbreeding systems benefit from the following factors:
. Wide variety of natural grasslands
. Low incidence of animal diseases (due to the extensive character of these operations and the low relative humidity) . Low incidence of climatic accidents
Among the improvements achieved, the implementation of rollerchopping techniques and the introduction of some species such as weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula), crabgrass (Digitaria) and others deserve special mention due to their positive impact. Drylands afford important competitive advantages over other traditional stockbreeding areas of the country, mainly the lower costs of animal health care, operation, maintenance and staffing, as well as lower equivalent investments per cow.
INSTITUTIONS RELATED TO THE SECTOR
. Argentina’s National Food Safety and Quality Service
(SENASA), Mendoza branch.
. Provincial Department for Livestock Breeding, with 9 branches across the province and more than 50 technicians to serve the sector.
. Coprosamen Foundation (Animal Health Commission of Mendoza).
. Mendoza Cluster for Bovine Livestock.
. Provincial Goat Farming Unit (UEP).